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Fast Facts

Bahasa Indonesia derives from Malay. In October 28, 1928 an all Indonesia Touth Congress proclaimed Bahasa  Indonesia based upon the Various dialects, tradition and culture of Indonesia,symbolizing the national pride and unuty.

Bahasa Indonesia contains a few words of Sanskrit, Arabic, some foreign languages, various dialects incorporating many new words.

GRAMMAR, TATA BAHASA

  1. Indonesia has no articles.
    “Rumah” means “ the hous “ or “ a house” or “ a house”
  2. Indonesian has no difference between singular and plural, to have a noun plural, double it or just use the singular.
    “Buku-buku” means “the books” or “books”, “banyak buku” means “many books”.
  3. Indonesian has a few adverbs denoting  t6he time, such as :
    “sudah/telah” (already) indicating the past,
    “Belum” (not yet) indicating the future that will happen or thet will never happen.
  4. Indonesian sentence construction s Subject – Verb-Object saya memerlukan peta Jakarta ( I need a map of Jakarta)
  5. Adjective always follow the nouns.
    Telpon ( Telephone), Umum (public), Telepon umum is Public Telephone.

PRONOUNS, UCAPAN

  1. It is advisable to use the language in polite forms, such as : Bapak is used to respect an older man, and ibu to older women.
    Saudara/Anda is used to male persons of the same age, and Saudari/Anda to female ones.
    Nyonya is the polite form addressed to a married woman, and Nona to an unmarried one.
    Abang, Bang, Mas are polite forms addressed to taxi drivers, bajaj drivers, small restaurant (warung) owners, waiter,bartender etc.
  2. Personal pronouns:
    I (saya), you (saudara, anda, engkau / kamu), he/she (dia,ia), we (kami, kita), they (mereka).
  3. Possessive pronouns :
    My father (ayah saya,ayahku),your mother ?(ibu saudara,ibumu), his / her uncle (paman dia, pamannya), our uncle (paman kami, paman kita)your friend (temanmu, teman Anda), their family (keluarga mereka).

 PRONOUNCIATION

  Indonesian is writtwn in Latin alphabet and not a tonal langguge.

  1. (ayah,anda) is pronounced as in father.
  1. (senang=like) is pronounced as in term,
    (enak = delicious) is pronounced as in buffet, say
  2. (ganti=to change) is pronounced as get,give.
  3. (harga=price) is pronounced as in hot, high.
  4. (ini=this) is pronounced as in is, it, image, idiot.
  5. (baju shirt) is pronounced as in job,jump.
  6. (toko=shop) is pronounced as in hot, joob
  7. (murah=cheap) is pronounced as in put.
  8. (biaya=expense) is pronounced as in yet, young.

          Ai.   (baik=good) is pronounced as in buy, bike.

          Ng.    (bunga=flower) is pronounced as in sing, singer, singing, Young.

          Ngg   ( mengganggu=to disturb) is pronounced as in finger, mango.
          kh      ( khabar=news) is pronounced as sky, key.

 

GREETINGS, SALAM.

-          Congratulation, Welcome                                     Selamat,selamat datang,( SalamaikSalamaik Tibo ).     

-          Good morning, good day                                      Selamat pagi, selamat siang,( Salamaik Siang ).

-          Good afternoon ( from 4 p. m )                              Selamat Sore, ( Salamaik Sore ). 

-          Good evening ( after sunset )                                Selamat Malam ( Salamaik Malam ). 

-          Good bye (said by those leaving to those staying)  Selamat tinggal, ( Salamaik Tingga ). 

-          Good bye ?(said by those staying to those leaved) Selamat jalan,( Salamaik Jalan ).

-          See you later !                                                     Sampai jumpa lagi !, ( Sampai batamu Baliak ! ).

-          How are you ?                                                     Apa kabar ?, ( Apo kaba ).

-          Fine, thank you                                                   Kabar baik, terima kasih, ( Kaba Baiak, Tarimo kasih ).                 

-          What’s your name                                               Siapa namamu?,Siapa nama anda?,( Sia namo awak ? ).

-          My name is                                                         Nama saya, ( Namo Ambo, Namo Awak ).

-          Thank you                                                           Terima kasih, ( Tarimo Kasih ).

-          You’re welcome                                                   Kembali, ( Baliak ).

-          Please (to let someone, something)                       Silahkan.e.g Pleasake sit down, Silahkan duduk, ( Silahkan Duduak ).

-          Please ?(requesting)                                            Tolong.e.g Please help me ;Tolonglah saya, ( Tolonglah Ambo ).

-          I’m sorry                                                              Maafkan saya,( Maafkan Ambo ).

-          Exuse me                                                            Permisi, ma’af, ( Parmisi, ma'af ).

 

 

NUMBERS, BILANGAN.

 1                            Ciek

 2                            Duo

 3                            Tigo

4                             Ampek

5                             Limo

6                             Anam

7                             Tujuah

8                             Lapan

9                             Sambilan

10                           Sapuluah

11                           Sabaleh

12                           Duo Baleh

13                           Tigo Baleh

20                           Duo Puluah

21                           Duo Satu

22                           Duo Duo

30                           Tigo Puluah

31                           Tigo Satu

32                           Tigo Duo

40                           Ampek Puluah

50                           Limo Puluah

100                         Saratuih

200                         Duo Ratuih

210                         Duo Ratuih Sapuluah

1.000                      Saribu

2.000                      Duo Ribu

10.000                    Sapuluah Ribu

100.000                  Saratuih Ribu

200.000                  Duo Ratuih Ribu

1.000.000               Sajuta

1/2                         Satangah

¼                           Saparampek

¾                           Tigo Per Ampek

3/8                         Tigo Per lapan

11/2                        Ciek Satangah

23/4                        Duo Tigo Per Ampek

1 st/first                  Partamo

2 nd                        Ka Duo

3 rd                         Ka tigo

4 th                         Ka Ampek

11 th                       Ka Sabaleh

12 th                       Ka Duo Baleh

%(percecent)           Parsen

 

TIME, WAKATU.

Second, minute, hour               Detik, menit, jam, ( Datiak, Minik, Jam ).
e.g What time is it ?                Jam berapa sekarang ? ( Jam Barapo kini ? ).
it’s nine o’clock                       Jam Sembilan, ( Jam Sambilan ).
it’s 9.10                                  Jam Sembilan lewat sepuluh menit, ( Jam Sambilan labiah Sapuluah Minik ).
it’s 9.45                                  Jam Sembilan lewat empat puluh lima menit,( Jam sambilan labiah ampek puluah minik ).

 It’s 10.00 sharp                       Jam sepuluh tepat, ( Jam sapuluah tapek ).

-          Days the week             Hari-hari dalam seminggu, ( Hari dalam saminggu ). 

-          Sunday, Monday, Tuesday,     Minggu, Senen, Selasa,( Akaik, Sanayan,Salasa ). 

-          Wednesday, Thursday,           Rabu, Kamis, ( Raba'a, Kamih ). 
-          Friday, Saturday.                    Jum’at , Sabtu, ( Jumaik, Satu ). 

-          Month, year, century               Bulan, tahun, abad.( Bulan, taun, Abaik ).
           e.g What day is today ?          Hari ini hari apa?, ( Kini ari apo ).
           Today is Monday                    Hari ini adalah hari senin, ( Kini ari sanayan ).
           What date is today ?               Hari ini tinggal berapa ? ( Kini tanggal barapo ).
           Today is the 1 st of March       Hari ini tanggal 1 Maret, ( Kini tanggal 1 maret). 

-          Tomorrow                               Besok.                    Bisuak. 

-          Tomorrow night                       Besok malam.         Bisuak malam. 

-          Two days ago                         Dua hari yang lalu.   Duo hari nan lalu. 

-          Yesterday                              Kemarin.                  Kapatang. 

-          Next  week                             Minggu Depan.        Minggu bisuak. 

-          Next month                             Bulan depan.           Bulan bisuak. 

-          Holiday                                   Libur.                      Tempo. 


QUESTION WORDS, KATO-KATO TANYO.

-          What is that ?                                   Apakah itu ?, Apo tu ?.

-          Who are  you  ?                                Siapakah Anda ?, Sia Awak ?

-          How to get there ?                             Bagaimana pergi ke sana ?, Baa caro pai kasitu ?

-          How much does this book cost.          Berapa  harga buku ini  ?, Bara harago buku iko ?      

-          Where are we now ?                          Dimana kita berada sekarang ?, Dima awak barado kini ?

-          Where  are you going to ?                  Kemana Anda akan pergi ?, Kama awak ka pai ?

-          Where do you come from? (to ask for birth original )    Dari mana anda berasal ?, Dari ma awak barasa?

-          When does the train leave ?                Kapan kereta Api itu berangkat ?, Bilo kareta Api tu pai ?

-          Why do you go to Piaman ?                Mengapa anda pergi ke Piaman ?, Manga awak pai ka Piaman?

 

AIRPORT, LAPANGAN TABANG.

- Where is the Touris information Desk ?    Dimanakah Kantor penerangan Wisata ?, Dima kantue penerangan wisata ?

-  That  is the Visitor Information Service    Itu dalah kantor penerangan Wisata, Itu mah kantue penerangan wisata.

-  May I have the map of Padang ?            Bolehkah saya memperoleh peta Padang, Buliah ambo dapek peta Padang ?

- Yes, of course !                                      Ya, Tentu saja !, Yo, buliah sajo !

-      I want  to change my money              Saya mau menukar uang saya, Ambo mau manuka pitih ambo.

-      Where is the Bank ?                         Dimana ada Bank?, Dima bank ?

-     The Bank is over there !                      Bank di sebelah sana  !, Bank sabalah situ.

-     I am looking for the public telephone    Saya sedang mencari telpon umum, Ambo sadang mancari talepon umum.

-     How do I go to the city ?                    Bagai mana caranya saya pergi ke kota ?, Baa caro ambo pai ka kota ?      

-    Tourist                                               Wisatawan, Tutris.

 HOTEL, HOTEL.

-          I would like to make reservation                     Saya ingin memesan tempat, Ambo ingin pasan tampek tidue.

-          Where is the  nearest hotel ?                        Dimana Hotel yang dekat ?, Dima hotel nan dakek siko ?

-          This hotel is very expensive                           Hotel ini sangat mahal, Hotel ko sangaik maha.

-          That hotel is cheap but dirty                          Hotel itu murah tapi kotor, Hotel ko murah tapi kumuah.

-          Reasonable prince                                        Harga yang wajar, Harago nan sasuai.

-          It is too expensive                                        Terlalu mahal, Sangaik maha.

-          There are many mosquitoes in my room         Banyak nyamuk dikamar saya, Banyak nyamuak di kamar ambo.

-          Please, spray my room !                               Tolong, semprot kamar saya !, Tolong barasiahkan kamar ambo.

-          I need a blanket  and a pillow                        Saya memerlukan selimut dan bantal, Ambo paralu salimuik jo banta.

-          I am going to sleeo now                                Sekarang saya akan tidur, Kini ambo ka tidue.

-          Please, don’t disturb me !                             Janganlah mengganggu saya, Jan mangganggu ambo.

-          I will leave tomorrow morning                         Saya akan berangkat besok, Ambo ka pai bisuak.

Hot water ( air panas), bathroom (kamar mandi), toilet (kamar kecil), swimming pool (kolam renang), towel (handuk)

 ,soap (sabun), toothbrush (sikat gigi), tooth paste (pasta gigi), room (kamar), bed (tempat tidur), door(pintu),

window (jendela), key (kunci), table(meja), chair (kursi), lamp (lampu), ashtray (asbak).

 

RESTAURANT, LAPAU NASI.

-          Where is the nearest                        Di mana rumah makan yang terdekat.

-          May I have Your menu  ?                  Bolehkah saya minta daftar makanan Anda  ?

-          Do you serve the Indonesian food ?    Apakah anda menyediakan makanan Indonesia  ?

-          I am hungry and thirsty                     Saya lapar dan haus.

-          I would like to eat fried rice                Saya mau makan nasi goreng.

-          I want  to drink tea with sugar            Saya mau minum the manis.

-          It is delicious                                   Rasanya nikmat.

-          I am quite full                                   Saya cukup kenyang.

-          How much does it cost all together    Berapa harga semuanya  ?

Alcoloholic drink (minuman keras), soft drink (minuman ringan) , cold water (air dingin) , cold bier (bir dingin),

black  coffee (kopi pahit), White coffee ( kopi susu ), strong tea (the kental ),

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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